Forest & Environment
Effective forest governance demands accurate identification and demarcation of forest land boundaries. Hon’ble Supreme Court of India has directed identification of all types of forest areas, their geo-referencing and integration in a GIS based decision support database with regular updates.
SPARC has undertaken many similar assignments for various State Forest Departments and has evolved Standard Operation Procedure for identification and geo-referencing of forest land boundaries.
The solution involves establishment of geo-referencing framework, collection, integration and study of all available land records relating to forest and peripheral settlements, verification and confirmation of field demarcations, DGPS survey, generation of geo-referenced database/ maps including their integration in a Web GIS based Forest Land Information and Decision Support System.
Monitoring environmental pollution levels, risk assessment analysis and effective enforcement of environmental regulations require an efficient system to assimilate, analyze and visualize real time environmental data.
SPARC assists environmental regulators to implement GIS based Environmental Information Systems facilitating map-based visualization of environmental status including locations of Pollution Sources, Carriers and Receptors. The dashboard alerts and location based analytical reports generated from the system (Web GIS) helps in mitigation of the environmental concerns in time with need-based enforcements.
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Environmental Information System
SPARC implements unique location-based information systems to plan and monitor afforestation schemes. The solution comprises of precise delineation and micro-planning of intervention areas using DGPS, remote sensing and GIS.
Location enabled mobile data collector utilities are deployed to track and monitor progress including geo-tagged photographs. Need based adoption of drone mapping (photogrammetric processing) is done to assess survival rates and effectiveness of such programs.
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Afforestation Scheme Monitoring
SPARC implements Web GIS solutions that provide unique location-based visualization to forest managers on forest land boundaries, forest cover, canopy density, forest types, soil, slope, morphology, drainage, elevations, etc.; with reference to the forest administrative set-up (division, range, section & beat boundaries). This helps forest managers to understand the growing stock, biodiversity, temporal changes in forest cover, canopy density, etc., leading to development of appropriate forest development programs to improve the Quality of Forests, manage & mitigate disaster such as forest fires, landslides and curb Climate Change.